More effective and accessible approach.
The biopsychosocial model of health is a more effective and accessible approach to mental health problems. Although there are many biomedical-oriented primary care physicians in the US, there is still a lack of evidence that they have adopted the biopsychosocial model in their practice, and progress is slow. If they did, they would translate it into medicine, as is the case in many other areas of health care, such as psychiatry.
Using an assessment approach, using the biopsychosocial model, we can understand that there is a wide range of mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. Many therapists, however, lack this broad approach when it comes to evaluating and treating their clients’ problems.
These three factors overlap, which is why the application of a treatment approach based on biological, psychological and social concepts has been the most successful. If we better integrate these factors into our treatment plans, the biopsychosocial approach will become a powerful foundation for common practice. For example, a recent lecture by Dr. Anita Clayton beautifully illustrates the benefits of the BPS approach to sexual dysfunction. Although psychiatrists have developed better frameworks for understanding the diseases we treat, one form of the BPS paradigm has survived for decades.
While the biomedical disease model focuses primarily on the underlying physiological, anatomical and pathological processes, the biopsychosocial model emphasizes how we live with and respond to the symptoms of the disease. Biological, psychological and social factors play a significant role in the development and treatment of diseases.
At the end of the twentieth century, the BPS approach concluded that by changing the way we understand disease, there was an opportunity for physicians and psychiatrists to be more holistic and inclusive in their approach to disease. This convergence led to changes in research, teaching and practice and to a change in the conceptualization of mental health problems. In the course of the development of addiction therapy, the approach has evolved from a punishing and dogmatic approach to a more client-oriented holistic approach.
However, professionals are not encouraged to take into account the diverse biopsychosocial needs of individual patients. Whichever approach you choose, the aim should be to tailor it to the individual patient.
If physiotherapists are able to treat patients by incorporating the characteristics of the patient-centered actions - they have a better chance of getting patients to participate to the maximum extent in the treatment plan. Primary care physicians can use the biopsychosocial model to improve clinical outcomes by establishing a positive relationship between the patient and his or her primary care physician and improving the self-management of their disease.
Prospects for improving clinical outcomes: The aim of this review was to identify the advantages and disadvantages of implementing a social model of biopsychiatric care in clinical encounters and the potential to improve the quality of patient care and functionality.